Mahogany furniture production process, after reading you really understand！
Since ancient times, mahogany furniture has a self-contained system of furniture production process, the process of every link are very particular about the production process is also an important factor in determining the value of mahogany furniture.
Mahogany furniture is based on hand-made, and the production process is very cumbersome, the need for a long period of time. It is from logs to finished products need a lot of processes, according to the process is divided into: dry sheet, woodworking process, carving process, grinding process, assembly process and waxing process, each process there are a number of small production process.
Process 1: Saw board
After the purchase of logs should be carried out first cut the saw blade, most of the mahogany furniture factory will be sent to a professional sawing mill processing (in some areas called the line saw). To cut into the corresponding specifications of the plate.
Saw board according to the size of the furniture produced by the amount of body clothing, non-mix, comprehensive utilization, and pay attention to the direction of wood texture. If the sawnwood when perfunctory, it will cause serious extravagance and material with improper.
Process 2: Dry sheet
As the mahogany furniture is a pure solid wood furniture, its various parts are made of solid wood, wood moisture content is directly related to the adaptability of seasonal changes in furniture, thereby affecting the quality of furniture. Therefore, the drying of wood is particularly important, if dry properly, in the future parts processing and assembly process will be a variety of problems, and affect the quality of finished products, and even in the sale and use of wood shrinkage characteristics , But also make some parts of the furniture to produce a variety of cracks or deformation.
1, buy the return of logs can not be directly dry, to improve the older generation of lumber. Sawn timber according to the size of the furniture produced by the amount of body clothing, non-mix, comprehensive utilization, and pay attention to the direction of wood texture. If the sawnwood when perfunctory, it will cause serious extravagance and material with improper.
2, dry generally divided into two stages, the first to improve the predecessors line dry, pre-dry general use of natural gas, placed in the hospital through the air activities and water evaporation to achieve the purpose of air dry, so that the moisture content of mahogany reduced to 20% -30 %between. Air dry, and then into a special mahogany drying equipment for drying, dry to the moisture content of 8% -12% between.
Process three: woodworking process
After the sheet is dry, it can enter the formal production process. This step is the mahogany furniture production of the most important steps, that is, mahogany furniture manufacturers said the woodworking process (some areas used to open materials and woodworking separately called two large processes). Woodworking process is divided into the following six steps:
1, drawing design and column material sheet
The carpentry draws the drawings according to the appearance of the furniture, and then calculates and lists a single sheet of material according to the production drawings. The material sheet needs to accurately list the number and size of the wood required for this piece of furniture.
2, the election material open material
As the saying goes: "three materials, seven workers", a mahogany furniture, good and bad choice of materials, a direct impact on the life of furniture and beautiful or not. Selection of materials and ingredients are mainly based on the production of different parts of furniture, select the appropriate material, generally pay attention to the texture of wood, color and timber size.
After selecting the material, the first white and the ends can not be used to cut off the residue, and then according to the size of the material to cut a good plate again into the specifications of material, open material to the direction of the wood texture, and the intensity To be uniform, to ensure that the material out of the beautiful appearance.
3, planing material
The wood after the open material needs to be flattened. Planing the time must be along the direction of the wood grain plane planing, and forced to average. Plan the processing of fine materials to be in accordance with the same specifications put together to avoid the storage time is too long, the extrusion deformation of the concentrate.
4, open tenon chisel eye
After the planing of the concentrate can be carried out on the tenon chisel eye. Mahogany furniture, the components are connected with the tenon structure. The tenon structure is the combination of tenon and dao, is between the wood with more and less, high and low, between the short and short clever combination, which can effectively limit the wood to twist in all directions, will not cause wood support Crack, better to ensure the integrity of the furniture, but also greatly promoted the inherent quality of mahogany furniture.
Each of the tenon and the eye has a clear fixed locking function, in the overall assembly can effectively disperse the load bearing the furniture, but also in the appearance of the furniture can not see the cross-section of wood, only by virtue of wood texture off different , In order to see the joints between the tenon. These craftsmanship of the tenon structure, constitute a unique unique characteristics of hardwood furniture.
5, starting line round
In the completion of the open tenon chisel is the starting line round. Now, a lot of mahogany furniture production factories are using the machine to play the round line. The starting line refers to the design of the template pattern on the part, with a pen to outline the outline, according to the outline of the line, the use of band saw saw the contours of ups and downs. The main purpose is to make the surface look more rounded, feel more quiet.
6, recognize tenon
The last step in the woodworking process is to recognize the tenon. The tenon is a piece of wood that will be made of good tenon and good eyes. It is assembled into a relatively independent structural part. It is necessary to check whether the tenon is suitable, whether it is rigorous or not.